Fire is still being seen as the worst enemy of safe passenger journeys. For example many trains use tunnels extensively, and therefore all measures need to be taken to avoid any sort of fire hazards, which can lead to a disaster.
For many years train coach manufacturers have gone very far to use materials which will not emit too much poisonous flames or fumes. Regulators have also worked intensively for many years to have a general standard. Different vendors or manufacturers could test their capabilities to fight fire.
The pan-European fire safety standard EN 45545 was eventually released with a 3 year transitional period, which ended in March 2016. This standard will mean that people within the rail industry will speak the same language, when discussing fire safety.
The standard outlines an approach where the importance of the vehicle architecture and the inter-dependences of its components are emphasized. The design, functional and material requirements in the standard support passengers and staff to evacuate the coach or train and to reach a safe place in case of an emergency.
This is achieved by using materials that meet the requirements outlined in EN 45545-2, which uses the FIRST approach (flammability, ignitability, rate of heat release, smoke and toxicity). Fire detection systems are implemented to provide early warning of a fire event.
All this means that most of the materials used, have to be either painted or coated with a paint or coat which is also fulfilling the requirements of EN 45545. We are able to provide these products certified against EN 45545. You can read more details about the hybridRED paint here: www.en45545hl3.com
Finnester's hybridRED paint has the following features:
developed for trains
thermoset hybrid polymer
fire retardancy comes from polymer ceramification
2-component, solvent based
curing can happen in room temperatures
applied by spray or brush
any color possible or transparent
UV and weather resistant
easy to clean
The hybridRED has been tested and approved according to the EN 45545 by the Finnish Research Center (VTT). Certificates are available on request.